The history of Nepal begins from the center point of the country Kathmandu valley which is now the capital of the country. The history is based and influenced from neighboring countries India and China. Many tribes, groups, and kings traveled across Nepal with the purpose of trade and pilgrims. So the history is absorbed from the neighboring country. Let us know who started ruling over the states which are now the parts of the country.
History of Nepal:
1. The Kiratis & Buddhist beginnings
As it is recorded Nepal’s history starts off with the Hindu Kiratis around 7th or 8th century BC. The Mongoloid people are the first known rulers of the Kathmandu Valley from the records.
The King Yalambar who was the first king among 29 other kings ruled over the Kathmandu valley area and continue their rule. This is found to be mentioned in the Mahabharata (the Hindu epic).
From the Buddhist family, the record shows that Prince Siddharth Gautam being the son of Sakya royal family was born in Kapilavastu near Lumbini which shows that Buddhist were also the ruler in the ancient time.
2. The golden age of the Mallas
Around 1200 Malla kings came to power in Kathmandu valley. They were the kings of India who were forced to left India. This period is now said to be the golden period because it lasted for 550 years. Jayashithi Malla was one of the major key people to save the country from many battles and continue their ruling over the valley but his son Yaksha Malla in 1482 divided Kathmandu valley into 3 kingdoms Named Bhaktapur (Bhadgaon) and Kathmandu (Kantipur) and Patan (Lalitpur). This was how the battle between the same tribes started in order to control the rich trading routes with Tibet area.
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3. Unification under the Shahs
Prithvi Narayan Shah was the ruler of a tiny hill of Kingdom of Gorkha who dreamed of making Nepal unified. By 1744 Prithvi Narayan Shah was able to block the trade center of valley situated on the hilltop fort of Nuwakot. In 1768 shah make an attack over Kathmandu ( Kantipur ) and got the victory on the day of Indra Jatra festival when everyone was drunk. After a single year, he took Kritipur finally. He was able to do so on his 3rd attempt.
After the victory over Kritipur and Kantipur Shah moved his capital to Kathmandu and established the Shah dynasty. Shah was the key person who was able to unify Nepal as a Single and common country for very Nepalese people. Many other kings followed the steps and made a unified Nepal.
4. The Democracy
When the Shah dynasty was ruling over the country Jung Bahadur Rana who was high ambitious and ruthless took the title of Prime minister and become the second royal family of the kingdom. Slowly they retain their power and make the Shah leave the place and power. Then the Rana continue their ruling over the country. Rana’s live luxurious life but the people were not getting even their basic needs. They were so powerful that no one would ever speak a single word to offense them. But few Ranas developed the country. Provided education facilities health facilities to the general peoples.
This is the history of Nepal up to the date of 1950. From the records, you can get the further notes and information about the history of Nepal.
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